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Reloading The 454 Casull



MDS © 2009

Shown above, a .45 Colt, .454 Casull and the .460 S&W Magnum

(HP = Hollow Point, RN = Round Nose, FMC = Full Metal Case, FMJ = Full Metal Jacket, JHP = Jacketed Hollow Point and if GC indicated, means Gas Check at bottom of lead bullet)

Loads for 454 Casull:

4-1-2012 update

The .454 came out in the late 50's and was the big, bad boy in town, till the advent of the .500 S&W mag and now, the .460S&W magnum. This caliber, designed by Dick Casull, is great for us who have lots of .45 Colt ammo (I reload for cowboy shooting, but want a gun that can handle everything up to this magnum with very heavy lead bullets moving out at speeds in the 1300-2000 fps range.) My lighter .45 colt loads recoil about the same or less as a .38 special in this heavy gun and are good to shoot for target practice. With adjustments, you can use dies from your .45 Colt to reload the .454 (SOME dies may not full length resize the case, but mine will), however the case mouth belling and the bullet seater & crimper can be adjusted in the press to work. The shell holder works using the .45 colt for the .454. Personally, I suggest you spend $25 to $40 to buy a full new set for this caliber and shell holder. Lead GC bullet (from LeadHeads Bullets of St. John, KS and Matt's Bullets) are good for home brew loads. Many loads below us CPB (Cast Performance Bullets). USE SMALL RIFLE PRIMERS.

(Note: Shown on this page are START and MAXIMUM loads. Pay attention to which is which.) (See note on Powders below or read all about various Powders.)
Bullet size is .451" or .452"(jacketed) in diameter and .452 lead. Bullets designed for the low velocity .45 Colt may do poorly at .454 casull velocities. Keep this in mind. Use SMALL RIFLE primers in cases. You need the stronger rifle primers because of the pressures. For slow powders, magnum primers are better.

Due to different barrel lengths,type of bullet, seating depth, primer brand and other factors,you may not get near the FPS charted. It is just a guide and the reason you should start 10% under these charges and work up.
SOME ARE MAXIMUM LOADS! - NOTE, powder companies sometimes reduced some of these hot and maximum loads after these figures were posted. You might check current loads from powder company before loading maximum loads. The loads that produce velocities below 950 fps, are very nice, mild shooting, lower recoil rounds. Trail Boss is a great, low velocity, very bulky powder for this big boy that I have been shooting in my .45 Colt loads for some time. These are VERY mild in this big gun, and less than half the maximum pressures of the high velocity loads. Powders like H-110, Lil' Gun and Winchester 296 are good for the magnum loads.


(Note H110 & W296 are the same as of 2008 as is HP-38 & W231)
(IMR 4227 is same as H-4227 if made in Australia) ---------------------------------------- 240 Grain Freedom Arms JHP .452 dia. H4227 29.0 gr. 1,421 FPS Start H4227 34.0 gr. 1,815 fps MAX H110 36.0 gr. 1,889 fps Start H110 38.2 gr. 2,065 fps MAX W296 36.0 gr. 1,875 fps Start W296 38.0 gr. 2,004 fps MAX W231 9.0 gr. 844 fps Start W231 13.5 gr. 1,399 fps MAX 2400 26.0 gr. 1,639 fps Start 2400 30.0 gr. 1,886 fps MAX Unique 14.0 gr. 1,367 fps Start Unique 16.5 gr. 1,580 fps MAX Universal 10.2 gr. 1,212 fps Start Universal 11.5 gr. 1,325 fps MAX Bullseye 7.0 gr. 842 fps Start Bullseye 11.0 gr. 1,334 fps MAX AA No.9 23.5 gr. 1,439 fps Start AA No.9 30.0 gr. 1,760 fps Not MAX but close Lil'Gun 35.0 gr. 1,952 fps Start Lil'Gun 38.0 gr. 2,033 fps MAX ---------------------------------------- 240 Grain Hornady XTP Mag .452 dia. AA 5744 26.5 gr. 1,255 Use for a Reduced Load AA 5744 28.0 gr. 1,432 fps AA 5744 29.5 gr. 1,604 fps MAX. Titegroup 10.0 gr. 1,214 fps Start Titegroup 11.0 gr. 1,309 fps MAX True Blue 19.8 gr. 1,496 start (Sierra) True Blue 22.0 gr. 1,662 MAX (for Sierra bullet) Enforcer 28.8 gr. 1,656 start (Sierra) Enforcer 32.0 gr. 1,840 max (Sierra bullet) ---------------------------------------- 250-255 Grain Lead SWC .452 dia. TrailBoss 6.7 gr. 862 fps Start TrailBoss 9.0 gr. 1,011 fps MAX AA No.9 21.6 gr. 1,326 fps Start AA No.9 24.0 gr. 1,507 fps MAX 5744 26.1 gr. 1,347 fps Start 5744 29.0 gr. 1,531 fps MAX 2400 20.0 gr. ~~~ This is contributed load, may be near max. ---------------------------------------- 250 Grain Hornady XTP/JHP .452 dia. (some Speer GDHP) AA No.9 25.2 gr. ~ ~ ~ Start AA No.9 28.0 gr. 1,770 fps MAX AA No.9 26.5 gr. 1,522 Speer JHP, Hi=1529, Lo=1512, ES=17 (great)(8" bbl) AA No.9 27.2 gr. 1,615 Speer JPP, Hi=1623, Lo=1609, ES=14 (also great load) 2400 Suggest 28.0 to 28.8 grains 2400 29.0 gr. ~ ~ ~ contributed MAX , CAREFUL Lil' Gun 34.8 gr. 1,691 8" bbl revolver Hi=1708 Lo=1675 ES=33.2 Lil' Gun 34.8 gr. 2,217 20" rifle Hi=2269 Lo=2146 ES=123.1 W-296 27.5 gr. 1,725 fps Start W-296 28.5 gr. 1,785 Max H-110 31.5 gr. ~ ~ ~ start H-110 34.0 gr. ~ ~ Contributed near MAX H110/W296 34.4 gr. 1,628 8" bbl pistol, Hi=1641, Lo= 1606 ES=34.6 H110/W296 34.4 gr. 2,109 20" rifle Hi=2139 Lo=2094 ES=45.1 IMR-4227 29.5 gr. 1,329 mild in 8" bbl pistol, Hi=1344 Lo=1315 ES=29.2 IMR-4227 29.5 gr. 1,754 20" rifle, Hi=1802 Lo=1728 ES=74.8 (currently W-296 and H-110 are same, but if older they could be different) Enforcer 29.5 gr. 1,698 Speer JHP, Hi=1760, Lo=1601, ES=159 (8" bbl) True Blue 20.5 gr. 1,664 Speer JHP, Hi=1690, Lo=1621, ES=68 (Hot-hard extraction)(8" bbl) Titegroup 10.5 gr. 1,169 Speer JHP, Hi=1174, Lo=1163, ES=10.5 (great)(8" bbl) Universal 11.8 gr. 1,221 Speer JPH, Hi=1223, Lo=1218, ES=4.8 (fantastic) ---------------------------------------- 250 Grain Nosler JHP .451 dia. HS-6 15.0 gr. 1,295 HS-6 17.0 gr. 1,428 max Universal 10.8 gr. 1,221 Universal 12.0 gr. 1,290 max Titegroup 9.7 gr. 1,193 Titegroup 11.2 gr. 1,298 max W-296 28.8 gr. 1,406 Hi=1474, Lo=1360, ES=114 Nice load H-110/W296 34.4 gr. 1,665 (HOT) Hi=1701 Lo=1621 ES=80 IMR-4227 29.5 gr. 1,336 Hi=1398 Lo=1293 ES=43 ---------------------------------------- 260 Grain JHP or JFP .452 dia. W-296 30.6 gr. Start W-296 34.0 gr. 1,817 fps (hot) W-296 36.0 gr. 1,954 above Max (too hot) H-4227 28.0 gr. 1,421 Start H-4227 33.0* gr. 1,762 MAX (*compressed) H-110 34.0 gr. 1,817 Start H-110 35.0 gr. 1,828 medium H-110 36.0 gr. 1,954 MAX Titegroup 9.9 gr. Start Titegroup 11.0 gr. 1,270 Max Lil' Gun 33.4 gr. 1,744 Start Lil' Gun 35.5 gr. 1,895 MAX HP38 & W231 11.3 gr. 1,117 HP38 & W231 12.5 gr. 1,244 max 2400 26.1 gr. 1,503 2400 28.2 gr. 1,708 max Unique 13.2 gr. 1,229 Unique 15.0 gr. 1,447 max Bullseye 9.5 gr. 1,089 Bullseye 10.8 gr. 1,275 max AA #9 24.1 gr. ~~ AA #9 26.8 gr. 1,652 AA #9 28.3 gr, 1,658 in 8" bbl AA #9 30.0 gr. 1,835 MAX Enforcer 27.0 gr. 1,575 start Enforcer 30.0 gr. 1,750 max ---------------------------------------- 260 Grain Speer JHP .451 dia. Longshot 14.0 gr. 1,353 Start Longshot 15.0 gr. 1,443 MAX HS-6 14.5 gr. 1,252 Start HS-6 16.8 gr. 1,420 MAX Universal 10.3 gr. 1,157 Start Universal 11.5 gr. 1,245 MAX Titegroup 9.5 gr. 1,159 Start Titegroup 11.0 gr. 1,270 MAX ---------------------------------------- 265 Grain CBP Lead WFN + G.C. H110 & W296 31.8 gr. 1,784 max True Blue 18.5 gr. 1,409 start True Blue 20.5 gr. 1,565 max ---------------------------------------- 300 Grain JHP, JFP & XTP H110 & W296 26.5 gr. 1,482 start H110 & W296 29.5 gr. 1,598 H110 & W296 30.0 gr. 1,705 max H4227 27.0 gr. 1,522 H4227 28.0 gr. start H4227 30.8 gr. 1,688 Max H4227 31.0 gr. 1,698 (compressed) max AA #9 23.3 gr. 1,488 AA #9 25.0 gr. 1,570 AA #9 25.2 gr. 1,402 (Hornady) Hi=1441, Lo=1352, ES=89 AA #9 26.0 gr. 1,594 max AA #9 26.0 gr. 1,429 (Hornady) Hi=1483, Lo=1336, ES=147 AA #9 26.8 gr. 1,515 (Hornady) Hi=1539, Lo=1498, ES=41 AA #9 24.7 gr. 1,402 AA #9 27.5 gr. 1,629 max (Two different manuals-Careful here) Lil'Gun 27.7 gr. 1,585 Lil'Gun 29.0 gr. 1,666 Lil'Gun 30.5 gr. 1,494 Hi=1552, Lo=1431, ES=121 Lil'Gun 31.0 gr. 1,742 max 2400 24.4 gr. 1,268 2400 27.0 gr. 1,443 2400 28.0 gr. 1,499 near max HP38 & W231 10.4 gr. 996 HP38 & W231 11.5 gr. 1,072 max Unique 12.5 gr. 1,086 Unique 14.0 gr. 1,277 max Bullseye 8.5 gr. 983 Bullseye 9.5 gr. 1,022 max Titegroup 9.0 gr. 1,104 Titegroup 10.0 gr. 1,188 True Blue 16.7 gr. 1,278 start True Blue 18.5 gr. 1,420 MAX Enforcer 25.2 gr. 1,463 start Enforcer 28.0 gr. 1,625 max ---------------------------------------- 300 Grain Lead FP + G.C. H110 & W296 27.0 gr. 1,327 H110 & W296 29.8 gr. 1,504 ---------------------------------------- 305 Grain Matt's Bullets LEAD FP + G.C. Enforcer 26.2 gr. 1,395 Hi=1408, Lo=1372, ES=36 (good) 8" BBL W-296 27.2 gr. 1,453 Hi=1490, Lo=1430, ES=60 8" BBL. W-296 27.2 gr. 1,603 Hi=1634, Lo=1583, ES=51 10" BBL. (same load) W-296 27.8 gr. 1,590 Hi=1591, Lo=1587, ES=4 Amazing Titegroup 9.5 gr. 1,130 Hi=1157, Lo=1078, ES=80 8" BBL ---------------------------------------- 310 Grain Lead FP + G.C. H110 & W296 26.0 gr. 1,491 H110 & W296 29.0 gr. 1,685 max ---------------------------------------- 315 Grain Matt's Bullets Lead FP + G.C. (8" bbl. in S&W 460 revolver) No. 9 21.5 gr. 1,193 Hi=1282, Lo=1121, ES=161 No. 9 23.0 gr. 1,367 Hi=1433, Lo=1261, ES=172 No. 9 26.8 gr. 1,412 Hi=1464, Lo=1346, ES=118 (MAX) True Blue 17.0 gr. 1,383 Hi=1410, Lo=1355, ES=55 (good) Universal 10.3 gr. 1,064 Hi=1087, Lo=1041, ES=45 (good) Titegroup 9.3 gr. 1,047 Hi=1052, Lo=1043, ES=9.5 (excellent) Titegroup 10.1 gr. Max W-296 25.5 gr. 1,289 Hi=1327, Lo=1244, ES=83 Enforcer 25.8 gr. 1,372 Hi=1448, Lo=1229, ES=219 Lil'Gun 25.0 gr. 1,355 Hi=1398, Lo=1293, ES=105 ---------------------------------------- 325 Grain CPB Lead RN Plain base (.452") H4227 24.7 gr. 1,389 H4227 25.5 gr. 1,452 Compressed, Maximum load H110 & W296 25.2 gr. 1,345 H110 & W296 26.0 gr. 1,511 max Lil'Gun 23.2 gr. 1,468 Lil'Gun 24.0 gr. 1,526 max Trail Boss 5.0 gr. 636 Trail Boss 7.0 gr. 798 max Trail Boss 7.1 gr. 695 8" bbl revolver Hi=705 Lo=686 ES 18.1 Trail Boss 7.1 gr. 841 20" rifle Hi=841 Lo=833 ES=11.8 ---------------------------------------- 325 Grain Lead SWC + G.C. H110 & W296 27.0 gr. ~1,600 2400 20.0 gr. 1,208 2400 21.0 gr. 1,326 max ---------------------------------------- 335 Grain Lead FN + G.C. H110 & W296 23.0 gr. 1,227 H110 & W296 25.8 gr. 1,494 max Lil'Gun 21.0 gr. 1,331 Lil'Gun 24.0 gr. 1,498 max H4227 23.0 gr. 1,306 H4227 25.5 gr. 1,460 max Trail Boss 4.8 gr. 618 Trail Boss 6.8 gr. 778 max Enforcer 23.4 gr. 1,377 start Enforcer 26.0 gr. 1,530 max True Blue 16.2 gr. 1,256 start True Blue 18.0 gr. 1,395 max ---------------------------------------- 350 Grain Lead WFN + G.C. Lil'Gun 23.0 gr. 1,482 ---------------------------------------- 360 Grain CPB Lead WFN + G.C. H110 & W296 21.0 gr. 1,265 H110 & W296 24.0 gr. 1,447 max Lil'Gun 20.0 gr. 1,330 Lil'Gun 22.8 gr. 1,312 Hi=1321, Lo=1302, ES=19 (great load) Lil'Gun 23.0 gr. 1,477 max H4227 21.0 gr. 1,205 H4227 24.0 gr. 1,406 max Trail Boss 5.0 gr. 615 Trail Boss 6.0 gr. 699 max ---------------------------------------- 370 Grain CPB Lead WFN + G.C. Enforcer 21.6 gr. 1,258 start Enforcer 24.0 gr. 1,398 max ---------------------------------------- 395 Grain Lead FN + G.C. (Leadhead's bullets .452" or CPB Cast Performance) H110 & W296 18.5 gr. 1,169 H110 & W296 19.0 gr. 1,217 W-296 19.8 gr. 1,102 Hi=1135, Lo=1080, ES=55 8"bbl H110 & W296 20.8 gr. 1,125 8" bbl revolver, Hi=1150 Lo=1103 ES=47.0 H110 & W296 20.8 gr. 1,368 20" rifle Hi=1388 Lo=1347 ES=40.8 H110 & W296 21.0 gr. 1,305 max W-296 18.8 gr. 1,053 Hi=1068, Lo=1031, ES=36.6 (8" bbl) Lil'Gun 17.5 gr. 1,212 Lil'Gun 19.7 gr. 1,170 8" bbl revolver, Hi=1184 Lo=1152 ES=32.1 Lil'Gun 19.7 gr. 1,426 20" rifle Hi=1437 Lo=1411 ES=25.5 Lil'Gun 20.0 gr. 1,331 max Lil'Gun 20.0 gr. 1,209 Hi=1236, Lo= 1183, ES=53 H4227 18.0 gr. 1,076 H4227 20.6 gr. 1,060 8" bbl revolver, Hi=1070 Lo=1040 ES=29.5 H4227 20.6 gr. 1,272 20" rifle Hi=1285 Lo=1256 ES=29.1 H4227 21.0 gr. 1,269 max Trail Boss 4.0 gr. 519 Trail Boss 5.0 gr. 607 max Trail Boss 5.7 gr. 600 8" bbl revolver, Hi=606 Lo=588 ES=18.6 Trail Boss 5.7 gr. 694 20" rifle Hi=710 Lo=673 ES=36.3 Enforcer 19.8 gr. 1,193 start Enforcer 22.0 gr. 1,325 MAX Enforcer 21.5 gr. 1,242 Hi=1252, Lo=1232, ES=20 (excellent load, 8" bbl) Titegroup 8.8 gr. 946 Hi=956, Lo=932, ES=24 (very good and mild load) No. 9 19.5 gr. 1,192 Hi=1208, L0=1153, ES=55 No. 9 20.5 gr. 1,288 Hi=1328, Lo=1214, ES=113 True Blue 16.0 gr. 1,268 Hi=1296, Lo=1246, ES=50 ---------------------------------------- 435 Grain Lead FN + G.C. H110 & W296 21.0 gr. 1,193 H110 & W296 21.8 gr. 1,221 max ----------------------------------------

Loads for the .454 Casull direct from Hodgdon (their web site, for Hodgdon, IMR and Winchester powders)

Discussion:

Trail Boss is great for lead bullet loads at low velocities (plain base bullets are OK). It's quite bulky and will fill the case beyond half full for most loads (making a double charge evident if it happened).

Accurate (XMP)5744 is one of my favorite powders that I use in my .45 Colt and other calibers. It seems to be less "case position sensitive" than others I have used. And only a few more grains (to MAX) is a compressed load, so it uses a lot of the case space.

I have used Titegroup and Lil' Gun and I like them a lot. Tightgroup is a very light powder for its bulk, so it fills the case about 3/4 when seating a big lead GC bullet. Lil' Gun, H4227, and H-110/W296 are excellent for magnum loads with a heavy bullet. Also, No.9, Enforcer and True Blue work well in the .454 caliber. Titegroup has some of the smallest spreads of velocities as you will see in the actual tested loads above where "ES" Extreme Spread is shown.

UNIQUE & Universal - are suitable for lighter bullets. Quite a difference in velocity with bullet weight (see tables above). Universal did well in the 315 grain cast bullet.

*
AA(XMP)5744, AA 1680, AA 4100 are products of Accurate Arms Company
Tightgroup, Longshot, Lil'Gun, H110, H4227 are products of Hodgdon Powders.
IMR Trail Boss (formerly DuPont) Powder Company & Winchester Powders are now Hodgdon
Alliant (formerly Hercules) Powders: Unique, 2400 & Power Pistol

References: Accurate Arms Co. Alliant Powder Co. Reloaders' Guide - - Hodgdon's Reloaders Website- - Hodgdon Tech Support - - Speer Reloading Manual, #12 - - Winchester Reloading Components Manual, 14th edition - - Lyman Piston & Revolver Reloading Handbook, 2nd edition. - - VihtaVuori Oy Company, - Numerous magazine articles on reloading special calibers and personal loads where noted. Ramshot Powder Company on-line guide 2007.

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This page created May 1, 2007 by M.D. Smith and last modified on April 1, 2012 ©